Stephen Rawlings, MD, PhD, infectious disease doctor, Maine Medical Center.
Louis Katz, MD, acting chief medical director, Impact Life.
Jeff Crowley, former director, White House Office of National AIDS Policy.
FDA: “Complete List of Donor Screening Assays for Infectious Agents and HIV Diagnostic Assays,” “Blood donation policies regarding men who have sex with men.”
CDC: “HIV Transmission Through Transfusion—Missouri and Colorado, 2008,” “HIV Risk Behaviors,” “HIV Basic Statistics.”
Jeffrey McCullough, MD, global blood advisor, professor emeritus of laboratory medicine and pathology, University of Minnesota Medical School.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Oct. 22, 2010.
Institute of Medicine Committee on a Strategy for AIDS: “Confronting AIDS: Directions in Public Health, Health Care and Research, 1986.”
Transfusion: “HIV, HCV, and HBV incidence and residual risk in US blood donors before and after implementation of the 12-month deferral policy for men who have sex with men.”
Blood: “HIV Incidence in US first-time blood donors and transfusion risk with a 12 month deferral for men who have sex with men.”
Brian Custer, PhD, vice president of research and scientific programs, Vitalant Research Institute.
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: “Receptive anal sex contributes substantially to heterosexually acquired HIV infections among at-risk women in 20 US Cities: Results from a Modeling Analysis.”
AIDS: “Higher colorectal tissue HIV infectivity in cisgender women compared with MSM before and during oral pre-exposure prophylaxis.”
Terrence Higgins Trust: “Heterosexual HIV diagnoses overtake those of gay men for the first time in a decade.”
American Medical Association: “AMA statement on new FDA guidelines for MSM blood donation.”
National Hemophilia Foundation: “APLUS statement on FDA policy changes related to blood and plasma donation.”
Williams Institute: “UPDATE: Effect of lifting blood donation bans on men who have sex with men.”